Whether during our routine or informal conversations, it is a common feature to evaluate leaders of State or Organizations based on their set of actions that have positively or negatively impacted their Leadership. We constructively and belligerently converse about the Do's and Don'ts of Leadership. But what defines Leadership - and more importantly enables one to "measure" effectiveness? Peter Drucker – the founding father of Modern Management and synonymous with Leadership – keenly explores this concept. He believes that leaders are defined by their styles and temperaments, and it's what a leader knows and does that identify its “effectiveness”.

Whether that is implied in modern day economics or political framework, the notion holds true in that efficiency is influenced by the thought-process and an inclusive approach that is for the benefit of all. Several leaders fail to carry the principle forward which affects the attainment of pre-set objectives. Hence, the following Leadership Principles are key to effectiveness:

Management is mostly to do with people, and not things or procedures. Today, twice as many Indian leaders as U.S. leaders believe that human capital drives business success.

Any entity begins to die the day it is run for the benefit of the insiders and not for the benefit of the outsiders.

This is most common in State Utilities as well as Corporates marred by mismanagement, corruption and resource mis-allocation. This greatly affects the developmental process.

Focus on opportunities, not problems.

Be it leaders of state or organizations, it is common to assign best resources to problems, not opportunities – harming goal-orientation and delivery of objectives.

Engaging an inclusive approach.

No individual has the skills or ability to do every job. The purpose of a team is to make strengths productive and weaknesses irrelevant.

Nabeel Hassanali is a Coach, Trainer and Chief Executive of Genesis Consult Ltd (www.genesisconsult.net). You can learn about his work on www.nabeelh.com